1. Which of the following is not considered art or design? (2 points)
the graceful curves of a tree
a place-setting of china
a photograph showing graceful curves of a tree
a church building
2. What are the 5 major reasons humans create art?
for spiritual, historical, or economic reasons, or for beauty or propaganda purposes
for spiritual, selfish, or moral reasons, or for beauty and propaganda purposes
for spiritual, historical, or moral reasons, or for beauty and propaganda purposes
for spiritual, historical, or selfish reasons, or for beauty and propaganda purposes
3. Why are prehistoric works of art designated as such?
Because they cannot be dated.
Because they cannot be attributed to a particular artist.
Because they were painted in a cave.
Because the society that created them did not yet possess written language.
4. As early humans sought explanations for the events of their daily lives, they began to focus on the power of _______________. (2 points)
5. The early prehistoric sculptures discovered at Hohle Fels cave in Germany are considered______________________________…
the oldest examples of human art ever found
evidence of early shamanism
so intricate they break the theory of the gradual evolution of art
all of the above
6. The entrance stone at Newgrange, Ireland exhibits which other ancient form of artistic expression?
Paleolithic cave paintings
early humanoid figure drawings
rock carving exemplifying common abstract swirls and symbols
woven reed basketry in primitive designs
7. The following is a description of which room or chamber in Altamira cave? ‘This room by the cave’s entrance shows us one of the most beautiful panels of prehistoric art. On the ceiling of this room, large scale animal figures, in an apparent mess, turn up. The bison, the most represented of these animals, is surrounded by other animals like the hind and the horse.’
the Representation Room
the Central Gallery
the Horse Tail Passage
the Polychromatics Room
8. What preserved the art of Altamira until modern day? (2 points)
the Paleolithic inhabitants sealed off the cave once all the walls and ceilings had been painted
the Paleolithic inhabitants covered their artwork with a layer of animal fat to protect the paintings
a natural collapse at the end of the Upper Paleolithic period
an intentional collapse by the people of the Upper Paleolithic period
9. What two sections of Lascaux are the most impressive?
the Chamber of Felines and Dead Man’s Shaft
the Painted Gallery and the Lateral Passage
the Main Gallery and the Lateral Passage
the Painted Gallery and the Great Hall of the Bulls
10. Why was the Cave of Lascaux closed to the public in 1963?
The floor of the cave was becoming eroded.
Carbon dioxide levels were corroding the walls.
Visitors were inadvertently smudging the artworks.
both A and B
11. Why is the scene in the Shaft of the Dead Man so significant?
because of its narrative possibilities
because of the rich use of color
because of its detail in the manes and fur
because of the realistic portrayal of animal movement
12. The following are all theories as to why these ancient cave paintings were created, EXCEPT?
They were created as a way to honor the spirits of great beasts after they had been slain and remember the glories of the hunt.
They were created as a way to “bring life” to future animals of which their own lives were so dependent.
They were created to teach and show young hunters how to identify and hunt certain animals.
They were created prior to the hunt in order to ensure good luck and success.
13. A tall block of solid stone standing by itself, whether a natural rock feature or a stone column shaped and erected by people, is called a _________________________.
14. Stonehenge was created…
in a single phase over 1400 years, starting around 3000 BCE
in 3 different phases over 1400 years, starting around 30,000 BCE
in 2 different phases over 1400 years, starting around 3,000 BCE
in 3 different phases over 1400 years starting around 3,000 BCE
15. From below, choose the answer that lists all of those features we can find at Stonehenge today.
the Trilithon Horseshoe, Sarsen Circle, and Timber posts
the Trilithon Horseshoe, Sarsen Circle, and bluestones
the Trilithon Horseshoe, Sarsen Circle, and Aubrey holes filled with cremation deposits
the Trilithon Horseshoe, Sarsen Circle, bluestones and several large, specially arranged individual stones
16. Which of the following was NOT used by ancient builders in the construction of Stonehenge? (2 points)
mortice and tenon joints
keystone and lever joints
post and lintel construction
tongue and groove joints
17. Sumerian art takes the form of sculpture or painting. Their artwork was created for which of the following groups of reasons?
spiritual, historical, and reasons of propaganda
spiritual, moral, and reasons of beauty
historical, moral, and reasons of beauty
historical, moral, and reasons of propaganda
18. Which of the following is NOT a description of the Sumerian statues from Tell Asmar?
tall, bearded figures with huge, staring eyes and long, pleated skirts
made from stone and marble
are all similar in size and weight
bodies are cylindrical with uplifted heads and hands clasped
19. This form of Sumerian art was rolled over wet clay on which it left an impression in relief.
20. What is the most common form of Assyrian art? (2 points)
stone sculptures of government leaders
large frescoes in the decoration of public buildings and palaces
relief sculptures in the decoration of public buildings and palaces
stone sculptures of religious figures
21. Much of the carved surfaces of Assyrian ivories were covered with what?
none of the above
22. Why are there so few structures still surviving from ancient Mesopotamia?
All of the structures from this time period were made from clay bricks, and natural erosion has worn most of the small buildings away.
Many ruins have long served as quarries for building materials.
Wars and pillaging of artifacts contribute to the lack of surviving structures.
all of the above
23. What is the most famous surviving feature of Babylon?
the Warka Vase
the Northwest Palace
the Ishtar Gate
the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
24. What 3 creatures are represented on the last surviving feature from the above question #23?
lions, dragons, and bulls
lions, unicorns, and bulls
dragons, tigers, and bulls
lions, dragons, and horses
25. The Ishtar Gate can be seen in its reconstructed state in the_________________________. (2 points)
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Pergamom Museum, Berlin, Germany
Iraq Museum, Baghdad, Iraq
The British Museum, London, England
26. The Persians are best known for their large and elaborate palaces, and the most famous example is at______________________, built by Darius I.
27. A symbol of life and of women, the niloofar, or__________________, is a common motif in Persian pottery.
figure of Ishtar
the water lily
the lotus flower
28. Phoenician art, particularly____________________, was among the most sought after in the ancient world.
29. The area known as “Upper Egypt” is actually the _______________part of the country. “Lower Egypt” is the area closest to the Mediterranean.
30. According to the course text, what dates do historians trace the beginning and end of ancient Egyptian civilization?
8000 BCE to 1200 AD
30,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE
8000 BCE to 6000 BCE
3500 BCE to 30 BCE
31. Why did we look at art from only the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms, of Egyptian history and not the “Intermediate periods”?
These were periods of time in which the greatest and largest wars were fought, resulting in large amounts of artistic treasures.
These were the “high points” of Egyptian civilization, when most of Egyptian artistic accomplishments occurred.
These were the times that Egyptian civilization was lead by the most powerful and successful rulers.
These were periods in which plagues, crime and poverty led to wide use of artistic expression.
32. The Egyptian “kingdoms” are groupings of ___________________. (2 points)
33. The primary medium of Old Kingdom art was __________________. (2 points)
34. The Egyptians believed that doing 3 things would assure a successful afterlife. Which of the following is NOT one of those things?
preserving the body through mummification
producing portraits of the deceased to disseminate among the family
protecting the body in a tomb in which the name of the deceased was inscribed.
providing the body with food and drink, or illustrations of it in case no one was available to make the offerings.
35. The pyramids were built as _______________. (2 points)
36. During the reign of ____________________, the Step Pyramid of Saqqaris was built.
37. What are the two kinds of hieroglyphic signs?
phonograms and ideograms
phonograms and anagrams
ideograms and anagrams
phonograms and monograms
38. What is the name of the famous stele that helped to break the hieroglyphic code? (2 points)
the Dead Sea Scrolls
the Blarney Stone
the Rosetta Stone
39. Usually located on the grounds of the temples, obelisks were usually covered from base to near tip with:
40. The tip of the obelisk was originally covered in gold or electrum to represent_____________. (2 points)
41. Where is the Sphinx located? (2 points)
in The Valley of the Kings
42. The pharaoh, Hatshepsut, had herself portrayed as a/an _______________________________. (2 points)
man with a male body and a false beard.
serious woman with a large body and short hair.
strong figure with a large torso and fists.
an elegant woman with a long neck and large eyes.
43. Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun in:
The Cheops Pyramid
The Valley of the Kings
under the ruins of Memphis
The Temple of Isis
44. Most of Egyptian art was created for which of the following 2 reasons?
beauty and moral
beauty and propaganda
spiritual and propaganda
spiritual and moral
45. Queen _____________________was wife to Akhenatun, and her famous portrait is world famous.
46. _________________________, found in France was discovered in 1940 by four French teenagers and contains the famous gallery called “The Great Hall of the Bulls”.
Gudea of Lagash
47. When preparing to carve a statue or decorate a wall, Egyptian artists first drew horizontal and vertical guidelines on the surface so the ________________________of the figures would be consistent with the established canon.
points of view
48. Stonehenge is an example of a _________________________.
Gudea of Lagash
49. ______________________was infamous for his use of propaganda and his large-scale building projects.
50. The ___________________vase is the world’s oldest ritual vase carved in stone found in Sumer.
51. _________________________, found in Spain, is an s-shaped cave with ten galleries engraved or painted with images of bison, goat, aurochs, horses, deer and hinds.
52. Totally erased from history until 1903, ______________________ was the victim of a massive operation by her step-son, who had her name and image erased from every part of Egypt.
53. The Law Code of ___________________ is a symbol of Mesopotamian civilization. (2 points)
54. The outcast of his family_________________________________i… an important figure from Egyptian history. Once he gained status as pharaoh, he wiped out the long-lasting, traditional polytheistic order of religion and introduced Egypt (for a short time) to a monotheistic order based on the Sun-disk god, Atun.
55. The ____________________style sprung out under the rule Akhenatun, and is recognizable by its flowing and relaxed lines and forms, individualized features of people, and scenes of particular moments in time.
Gudea of Lagash
56. In Egyptian art, size indicates relative importance. Representations of the pharaohs are often much larger than life to symbolize the ruler’s superhuman powers. In wall reliefs and paintings, where wives and family members, servants and entertainers, animals, trees, and architectural details are usually shown in smaller___________________ than the figures of the king, high official or tomb owner.
points of view
57. The Sumerians were the first to employ the pyramid-shaped ______________________ for use in religious structures.
58. Scenes with figures, in Egyptian art, were arranged in horizontal rows called___________________.
points of view
59. When depicting the human body on a two-dimensional surface, artist used different ____________________ to show each part of the body in its most complete form.
points of view
60. _____________________________brought peace and prosperity to his people and was the subject of many of that culture’s statuary. He was often depicted wearing the Persian lamb fur cap of Enis.
Gudea of Lagash